Everything You Need to Know About Pigmentation

Got pigmentation? Same. Most of us do, and it's totally normal! But there's no harm in wanting a more even skin tone. In fact, it's totally achievable once you understand what causes pigmentation, how to prevent it, and how to treat it. So, let's get to know all about it then!

What's pigmentation and what causes it?

Pigmentation is a totally normal skin 'concern'. Showing up as dark spots, patches or uneven skin tone, it's caused by the overproduction of melanin (the pigment that gives our skin its colour). And this overproduction can be triggered by the likes of sun exposure, hormonal changes and genetics.

One common misconception about pigmentation, is that it only affects people with darker skin tones. Regardless of skin colour, anyone can develop pigmentation.

The good news is, there are a range of treatment options available to help reduce the appearance of pigmentation, and restore a more even looking complexion.

How to prevent pigmentation

The best way to prevent pigmentation, is to protect your skin every day and form a consistent skincare routine with the right ingredients. It should go without saying that the most important step is to wear sunscreen daily, as sun damage is one of the leading causes of pigmentation. Opt for a broad-spectrum sunscreen that has an SPF of 30 or above. When it comes to hormonal and genetic-based pigmentation, your best best is to form a preventative skincare routine. Ingredients like vitamin C, niacinamide and retinol can help to prevent and reduce the appearance of pigmentation over time. Remember, consistency really is key here!

How to treat pigmentation

Vitamin C is the most common ingredient touted as a solution for pigmentation. This is because of it's ability to brighten the skin and reduce the appearance of dark spots too. Vitamin C promotes cell turnover, while inhibiting the production of melanin, which means brighter, more even skin! Look for serums and moisturiser products containing vitamin C and get one into your routine. As vitamin C is an active ingredient, ensure you don't use it daily. You might like to consider a skin cycling routine - it's a good way to incorporate actives within your routine, while keeping your skin barrier in tact.

Chemical peels are another great option for pigmentation. They work by resurfacing the outer layers of the skin to reveal brighter, more even skin. Chemical peels can be performed professionally, or at-home with an at-home peel. Just like vitamin C, it's important to follow the usage directions carefully. 


And there you have it! Pigmentation, it's totally normal and it's super easy to prevent or treat. Just protect your skin from sun damage, form a consistent routine and embrace a little patience along the way as your skin changes.